Chemical Peels

Learn about the best chemical peels available

Chemical Peels Overview

The chemical peel was first introduced in the mid 1880’s by an Austrian dermatologist by the name of Ferdinand Hobra.  The most advance and popular peels of those days were quite caustic and induced extreme skin irritation, chemical peels Toronto were mainly used in a clandestine manner on wealthy socialites and early Hollywood stars up until the mid 20th century.

In the 1950’s famed dermatologists Thomas Baker and Howard Gordon used aggressive croton-phenol based peels that became more mainstream and widely used, as they were very successful at treating disfiguring acne scars and deep wrinkles, this particular peel at the time was revolutionary for the treatment of scarring on the face.

During the 1970’s more plastic surgeons and dermatologist started implementing peels into their practises, these peels did not require heavy sedation or general anesthesia.  Ingredients like TCA -Trichloro Acetic Acid (which has now been banned in Canada due to health concerns) and modified (Jessner) acid peels became the norm of the day as they were much safer and highly effective!

Now a day, chemical peels are making a major resurgence as they can be easily done during one’s lunch hour and have little to no downtime. These treatments are offered at most medical clinics specializing in beauty treatments, such as Sovereign Skin. Chemical peels work by causing a deep exfoliation of the skin. This controlled skin injury peels and flakes off revealing a smooth, clearer, younger looking complexion! Chemical peels can target pigmentation concerns, irregularities on the skin, acne prone skin as well as a variety of other skin problems, helping to clear the skin and refresh it’s overall look and appearance.

To prepare for a chemical peels Toronto treatment, skin should be cleaned, and treatments works most effectively when the patient is on a good skin care routine.  Patients are asked not to use any exfoliants such as tretinoin and other skin irritants a couple days before and avoiding the sun or tanning beds a week before treatment and for some weeks after treatment.

Patients can expect to have mild to moderate redness following a peel.  Depending on the depth and strength, most people will experience peeling and slight crusting at the 3 to 5-day mark.  Skin will repair itself over the next 2 to 4 weeks. It is very important to use sunscreen daily during this sensitive healing time (this will usually be included in a post care kit recommended by Sovereign Skin to the patient).

A Classic Chemical Peel Toronto – which can address most major skin concerns, would currently cost around $300 plus HST (although this is subject to change without notice). More advanced Chemical peels Toronto can run upwards of $500. Chemical Peel packages are sold at a discount and highly recommended with multiple treatments usually spaced 2-4 weeks apart.

Skin Conditions & Effective Peels

Glycolic Acid Oily & Congested Skin

This ongoing condition can plague teenagers and baby boomers alike. Fluctuating hormones and genetics predominately contribute to acne, but with continued use of exfoliants like glycolic acid and oil-loving salicylic acid, skin can remain clear for years to come.

Glycolic Acid

Is derived from sugar cane and has a very small molecule structure that can easily penetrate the top layers of the skin. This acid causes exfoliation and effectively clears the pores of hardened oils, cell debris, and trapped bacteria. It is excellent for clearing whiteheads and lightning post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation from previous breakouts. Glycolic peels are usually recommended 2-3 weeks apart and noticeable results will be seen around the 1-month mark. Continued use is best to maintain clear, smooth skin!

Salicylic Acid

This beta hydroxy acid is derived from the willow tree and has naturally occurring anti-inflammatory properties. This is especially useful when combating red, inflamed, pimples and papules. Salicylic acid is great for dehydrated, sensitive skin, psoriasis, ingrown hairs, and seborrheic dermatitis. People who suffer from aspirin allergies should avoid this treatment.

Aging/Pigmented Skin/Textural Issues

Most individuals turn to chemical peels Toronto as they start to notice their skin is showing signs of premature aging. This is due to many factors such as overexposure to the sun, smoking, alcohol consumption and in general following an unhealthy lifestyle. Chemical peels Toronto are a convenient and fast way to bring your skin back to its youthful glory!

Kojic Acid

This unique acid is a by-product of the fermenting process during the production of Japanese Sake. It is known for its intense lighting impact on the skin due to inhibiting the overproduction of melanin. Vitamin C is usually incorporated in this peel to decrease the occurrence of free radical production and help heal and repair skin damaged caused by environmental factors.

Mandelic Acid

Mandelic acid is an aromatic AHA extracted from the bitter almond. This acid possesses a larger molecule then lactic or glycolic acid making it gentler but still effective at treating fine lines other skin chromophores. It also has been documented to reduce melasma by at least 50% in as little as 4 weeks.

Mandelic acid is usually combined with kojic and salicylic acids to efficaciously treat both acne vulgaris and hyperpigmentation.

Retinoic Acid

This acid is an active form of vitamin A, also know as tretinoin. This acid can renew aging skin cells to reveal fresh, baby skin and produce collagen and elastin in the deeper layers. Constant cell turn over leads to normalization of the keratin cells, decreases atypical cells and has a strong antioxidant and brightening effect. Overtime skin will look younger and be more resilient to damage. Retinoic acid peels last approximately 4 months and are usually combined with other peels for an added skin clearing boost!


Sensitive & Fragile Skin

With the rise of pollution in our air, there has been increasing cases of people complaining of sensitive skin issues such a rosacea. The acids mentioned below are scientifically proven to help reduce skin irregularities, even on the fussiest of skin types.

Lactic Acid

Lactic acid is an alpha hydroxy acid derived from dairy and has multiple skin benefits-one being that it is very suitable and effective for treating more sensitive skin types. Lactic acid can be used in very low concentrations over longer periods of time or can be used at a higher percentage to give a stronger exfoliation of the skin. Lactic acid is a favourite for eradicating freckles, superficial acne scars and in particular works well at effectively resolving keratosis pilaris which is generally found on the back of the arms.

Azelaic Acid/Azelan Peel

This acid is derived from a compound from barley, wheat, and rye. It has been gaining popularity over the years due to its soothing and reparative nature. Azelaic acid offers little to no side effects and is excellent for treating darker skins that tend to pigment more easily. It is known to regulating the sebaceous glands and has an incredible anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory impact on the skin. This acid can drastically reduce bumps and swelling caused by rosacea and is also thought to reduce the skin mite that causes rosacea flare-ups. Azelaic acid cause no peeling or flaking of the skin and can be performed before a special event making this peel a rare gem of the aesthetic world!

With increasing new technology in our world, many people are still gravitating to what is tried and tested. The lactic acid in milk baths favoured by ancient Egyptian ruler Cleopatra helped evolve what the chemical peel is today – a cosmetic favourite that’s is here to stay!

Chemical peel specialists have been developing and looking into new formulations and ingredients to give their patients the most effective peeling treatments. A knowledgeable medical aesthetician will be able to accurately access your skin and customize a peel treatment that will target and clear most skin issues that may concern you.

When making a decision that involves our skin and well being, make sure to always choose a reputable clinic, such as Sovereign Skin, headed or overseen by a medical doctor. This is because some of the risk and complications increase when an inexperienced provider is chosen. The possible side effects can range from chemical burns (scarring), post inflammatory hyper (darker skin tones) or hypopigmentation (very pale skin tones), redness that may last for several months if a deep peel was used, infection and possible herpes outbreaks. It is advisable to always make sure a trained medical aesthetician is performing your treatment to avoid these possible complications. At Sovereign Skin, we are careful to ensure that all of our medical aestheticians are well qualified and expertly trained in order to provide treatments to our clients.

If you are interested in booking a free consultation for a chemical peel, please email or call our Sovereign Skin office where we would be happy to schedule you in at your convenience!



If you would like to further learn about what this incredible team of beauty advisors and medical professionals can offer you, please contact Sovereign Skin today to start your journey towards the very best Canada has to offer!

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