Age spots are caused by melanin, the natural chemical that causes pigment in our skin. Specifically, age spots are caused by an uneven distribution of melanin in certain areas. The face, hands, and décolleté are the most common areas for the appearance of age spots Toronto and are often a telltale giveaway of someone’s age.
The purpose of the melanin pigment is to absorb sunlight and aid in protecting skin from harmful UV rays from the sun. As our skin ages, the ability to fight the effects of UV rays diminishes gradually. This is the ultimate cause of age spots Toronto and other signs of sun damage.
Microdermabrasion is an extremely effective treatment for a variety of skin concerns, including age spots. The technology works by blasting the skin with microscopic crystals to the upper layers of the skin, which essentially rubs off darker pigmented areas. This process revives the upper layers of the skin, which in effect results in diminished fine lines, overall improvement in the texture of the skin, and the betterment of darker pigmented areas like age spots.
This procedure is relatively painless and fast. However, it is likely that multiple procedures will need to be done to see a long-lasting improvement in the appearance of age spots. The advanced microdermabrasion treatment of choice at Sovereign Skin is the SilkPeel Facial with the dermal infusion serum Lumixyl. Lumixyl is a Stanford University-developed deca-peptide that targets hyperpigmentation, melasma, photo damage, and age spots (also know as liver spots or sun spots).
Chemical peels are also a multi-purpose, in-office treatment commonly used to treat the appearance of age spots. Chemical peels are often performed by a medical aesthetician. The procedure involves using a chemical solution, applied to the skin, to chemically remove the outer layers of skin. The new skin that replaces the old skin will have a much lighter appearance of the age spots or may even have no age spots at all, depending on the depth of the discoloration. Scaling or shedding of the skin is normal and will occur for a few days following the chemical peel treatment. Classically, 2 to 4 treatments completed a few weeks apart will yield optimal results. Chemical peels are currently one of the top cosmetic treatments in the world in terms of popularity.
Laser treatments are an effective and long-lasting method in removing or diminishing the appearance of age spots. Laser technology uses a flash of light at a particular wavelength, aimed at the discoloured area. The darker pigmented area picks up the frequency of light, leaving the surrounding non-discoloured skin untouched.
After the spots absorb the energy from the light from the laser, they will peel off the skin for several days after the laser treatment. Typically, laser treatments are minimally painful, and the sensation felt by patients is often described as a rubber band being snapped on your skin. The number of treatments necessary for age spot removal can vary based on the individual, but often one laser treatment can show a diminished appearance in age spots. It is usually recommended to have a few treatments to notice exceptional results.
The best and most accurate way to know whether microdermabrasion, chemical peels, or a laser treatment is the best option for your age spots is to have a consultation with a Sovereign Skin laser nurse or medical aesthetician in person. These professionals are trained to spot differences in age spots, sun spots, and melasma so that they can create a unique treatment plan based on your needs.